Opel Vectra A

since 1988-1995 release

Repair and operation of the car



Vektr's Opel And
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 1.1 Maintenance
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Repair of DOHC engines
- 4. Repair of the diesel engine
   4.2. General information
   4.3. The repair which is not demanding removal of the engine
   4.4. Check of a compression
   4.5. Top Dead Point (TDP) of the piston of the first cylinder
   4.6. Cover of a head of the block of cylinders
   4.7. Pulley of a bent shaft
   4.8. Casings of a gear belt
   4.9. Replacement of a gear belt
   4.10. Check and installation of phases of gas distribution
   + 4.11. Mechanism of a tension of a gear belt and pulleys
   4.12. Replacement of a sealing ring of the camshaft
   4.13. Check and adjustment of gaps of valves
   4.14. Camshaft and pushers
   4.15. Head of the block of cylinders
   4.16. Oil pallet
   4.17. Oil pump
   4.18. Replacement of a sealing ring of the oil pump
   4.19. Oil heater
   - 4.20. Pistons with rods
      4.20.1. Removal
      4.20.2. Check
      4.20.3. Installation
      4.20.4. Check of working gaps of conrod bearings
      4.20.5. Installation of pistons with rods
   4.21. Flywheel
   4.22. Replacement of sealing rings of a bent shaft
   4.23. Replacement of support of the power unit
   4.24. Recommendations about removal of the engine
   4.25. Removal and installation of the engine
   4.26. Repair of the engine
   4.27. Start of the engine after capital repairs
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. The fuel and exhaust system of models with system of injection of fuel
+ 8. Exhaust system and system of decrease in toxicity of exhaust gases
+ 9. Fuel systems of the diesel engine
+ 10. Engine electrical systems
+ 11. Transmission
+ 12. Mechanical transmission
+ 13. Automatic transmission
+ 14. Power shafts
+ 15. Brake system
+ 16. Suspension bracket
+ 17. Body
+ 18. Electric equipment
+ 19. Check of malfunctions
24bec775



4.20.3. Installation

GENERAL INFORMATION

Measurement of a gap in the lock of a piston ring

Arrangement of piston rings on the piston

Arrangement of locks of piston rings on the piston of the diesel engine

1 – drain stopper;
2 – oil case;
3 – final collector;
4 – engine support arm;
5 – crane of discharge of cooling liquid;
6 – water pump;
7 – sensor of a lamp of an overheat of cooling liquid;
8 – sensor of the index of temperature of cooling liquid;
9 – sensor of temperature of cooling liquid;
10 – thermostat;
11 – sensor of a lamp of emergency pressure of oil;
12 – sensor of the index of pressure of oil;
13 – hose of ventilation of a case;
14 – index (probe) of level of oil;
15 – ignition coil;
16 – phase sensor;
17 – heat-insulating screen


PERFORMANCE ORDER
1. Before installation of new piston rings check a gap in the ring lock.
2. Arrange pistons and piston rings according to cylinders in which they will work.
3. Install the top sealing ring in the first cylinder and the bottom of the piston push it in the cylinder to the cylinder basis.

Prevention

The top and average sealing rings are various, an external surface of an average ring conical.


4. Using the probe, measure a gap in the ring lock.
5. Repeat process of measurement with the ring established in the top part of the cylinder and compare results of measurement to specifications (see rice. Measurement of a gap in the lock of a piston ring).
5a. If a gap too small, it it is necessary to increase, soshlifovyvy ring end faces.
5b. If a gap in the ring lock too big, check correctness compliance of rings to your engine.
6. Repeat operation of check for each ring in the first cylinder and then for rings in other cylinders.
7. Install piston rings on pistons in the same way, as well as at removal. The top and lower sealing rings differ and can be identified on tags on the top ring surface. The top ring has a square profile and it is noted by a letter T. The second ring has a conic profile and it is noted by a letter 2T. Marking on rings has to be directed up.
8. After installation of piston rings on the piston check ease of movement of a piston ring in a piston flute.