Opel Vectra A

since 1988-1995 release

Repair and operation of the car



Vektr's Opel And
+ 1. Maintenance instruction
+ 1.1 Maintenance
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Repair of DOHC engines
+ 4. Repair of the diesel engine
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. The fuel and exhaust system of models with system of injection of fuel
+ 8. Exhaust system and system of decrease in toxicity of exhaust gases
+ 9. Fuel systems of the diesel engine
+ 10. Engine electrical systems
+ 11. Transmission
+ 12. Mechanical transmission
+ 13. Automatic transmission
+ 14. Power shafts
+ 15. Brake system
+ 16. Suspension bracket
+ 17. Body
+ 18. Electric equipment
- 19. Check of malfunctions
   19.2. Cooling system
   19.3. Fuel and exhaust systems
   19.4. Coupling
   19.5. Mechanical transmission
   19.6. Automatic transmission
   19.7. Power shafts
   19.8. Brake system
   19.9. Suspension bracket and steering
   19:10. Electric equipment
http://www.norma-stab.ru/stabilizire_vibor.html 10 . http://www.norma-stab.ru/stabilizire_vibor.html 10 .



CHECK OF MALFUNCTIONS

19. Definition of malfunctions

19.1. Engine

The bent shaft of the engine does not rotate or rotates very slowly at start of the engine a starter

• Unreliable connections of plugs of the accumulator.
• The accumulator is discharged or faulty.
• The electrical wiring in a starter power-supply circuit is unreliably connected or faulty.
• The traction relay or contacts of the switch of a starter is faulty.
• Damage of a starter.
• There is no gearing of a gear wheel of a starter to a gear wreath of a flywheel.
• The tire of grounding of the engine is damaged or unreliably connected.

The bent shaft of the engine rotates, but the engine is not started

• There is no fuel.
• The accumulator is discharged. At the same time the bent shaft of the engine rotates very slowly.
• Accumulator plugs are unreliably connected.
• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum is faulty or incorrectly adjusted furs a nizm of the air gate.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum the fuel cut-off valve gate is faulty.
• On models with petrol engines the SI of a stem of injection of fuel is faulty.
• On models with petrol engines elements of system of ignition are damaged or at them there are moisture vapors.
• On models with petrol engines the electrical wiring in system of ignition is faulty.
• On models with diesel engines the system of prestarting heating is faulty.
• On models with diesel engines the engine stop valve is faulty.
• At models with diesel engines there is an air at fuel system.
• Serious mechanical defect of the engine.

The complicated start of the cold engine

• The accumulator is discharged.
• Unreliable connection or oxidation of plugs of joint stock company of a kumulyator.
• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• On models with diesel engines the SI of a stem of prestarting heating is faulty.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum is faulty or incorrectly adjusted furs a nizm of the air gate.
• On models with petrol engines the SI of a stem of injection of fuel is faulty.
• On models with petrol engines the electrical wiring in system of ignition is faulty.
• On models with diesel engines incorrectly from the valve of the raised idling turns is adjusted.
• A low compression in engine cylinders.

The complicated start of the hot engine

• The filtering element of the air filter is polluted.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum is faulty or incorrectly adjusted furs a nizm of the air gate.
• On models with petrol engines the SI of a stem of injection of fuel is faulty.
• A low compression in engine cylinders.

Strong noise during the work of a starter

• Teeths of a gear wheel of a starter or a gear wreath of a flywheel are worn-out or broken.
• Bolts of fastening of a starter are weakened or are absent.
• Internal details of a starter are worn-out or damaged.

The engine is started, but at once stops

• On models with petrol engines contacts in electric sockets are faulty or weakened.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.

Unstable operation of the engine on idling turns

• The filtering element of the air filter is polluted.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• A low compression in engine cylinders.
• Camshaft cams are worn-out.
• The tension of a gear belt is incorrectly adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.
• On models with diesel engines fuel nozzles are faulty.

Admissions of ignition on idling turns

• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines you are faulty sokovoltny wires.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.
• On models with diesel engines livny nozzles are faulty a top.
• On models with petrol engines are available to a tire Torah on an ignition distributor cover.
• An uneven or low compression in cylinders of a dva of a gatel.
• Hoses of veins of a tilyation of a case are unreliably connected or damaged.

Admissions of ignition on all turns of the engine

• Pollution of the fuel filter.
• The fuel pump is faulty or gives fuel under low pressure.
• Pollution of the fuel tank or fuel tubes.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines you are faulty sokovoltny wires.
• On models with diesel engines livny nozzles are faulty a top.
• On models with petrol engines the ignition coil is faulty.
• On models with petrol engines are available to a tire Torah on an ignition distributor cover.
• An uneven or low compression in cylinders of a dva of a gatel.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.

Acceleration of the engine happens to a delay

• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.
• On models with diesel engines livny nozzles are faulty a top.

The engine stops

• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• Pollution of the fuel filter.
• The fuel pump is faulty or gives fuel under low pressure.
• Pollution of the fuel tank or fuel tubes.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of the carburetor are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.
• On models with diesel engines livny nozzles are faulty a top.

Reduction of engine capacity

• The gear belt is incorrectly established or tense.
• Pollution of the fuel filter.
• The fuel pump is faulty or gives fuel under low pressure.
• An uneven or low compression in cylinders of a dva of a gatel.
• On models with petrol engines spark plugs are faulty or the interelectrode gap of a candle is not adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.
• On models with diesel engines livny nozzles are faulty a top.
• On models with diesel engines incorrectly from the fuel injection moment is regulated.
• Snubbing of wheels at the movement of the car.
• Incomplete inclusion of coupling (coupling slips).

Backfires in the engine

• On models with petrol engines the ignition advancing corner is incorrectly adjusted.
• The gear belt is incorrectly established or tense.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or a number admission a collector.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system впрыс fuels or nozzles is damaged or hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum jets or internal channels of a karbyur a Torah are hammered.

Fire of a control lamp of pressure of oil at the working engine

• Low level of oil in the engine or oil of not required type is filled in.
• The oil pressure sensor is faulty.
• Radical bearings of a bent shaft and / or the oil pump are worn-out.
• Engine overheat.
• The safety valve oil on Sosa is faulty.
• Pollution of the mesh filter of a maslopriyemny tube of the oil pump.

The engine continues to work after its switching off

• A thick layer of a deposit in combustion chambers.
• Engine overheat.
• On models with petrol engines with карбюрато rum the winding of the electromagnetic valve of a cut-off of fuel is faulty.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel damage to system of injection a bodice top.
• On models with diesel engines it is faulty элек the tromagnitny valve of a stop of the engine.

Extraneous noises in the engine

Detonation or knocks at acceleration or at full load of the car.

• On models with petrol engines the ignition advancing corner is incorrectly adjusted.
• On models with petrol engines spark plugs not of that type are established.
• Fuel with low octane number is used.
• On models with petrol engines an additional suction of air in the case of the carburetor or an inlet collector.
• A thick layer of a deposit in combustion chambers.
• On models with petrol engines with the carburetor jets or internal channels of the carburetor are hammered.
• On models with petrol engines with system of injection of fuel the system of injection of fuel or an injector is damaged or hammered.

The whistling or rattling noise.

• On models with petrol engines laying of an inlet collector or the case of a karbyur of a Torah/throttle is untight.
• Laying of a final collector or about a unification of a final collector with a reception exhaust pipe is untight.
• Damage of a vacuum hose of the vacuum amplifier of brakes.
• Burn-out of laying of a head of the block of cylinders.

Insignificant knock or jingle.

• Wear of the mechanism of the drive of valves or camshaft.
• Wear or damage of auxiliary units of the engine (water pump, generator etc.).

Loud or deaf knock.

• Conrod bearings of a bent shaft (the continuous strong knock decreasing at increase in loading) are worn-out.
• Radical bearings of a bent shaft (the strong knock increasing at increase in loading) are worn-out.
• Damage of the piston (it is especially notable during the operation of the cold engine).