Opel Vectra A

since 1988-1995 release

Repair and operation of the car



Vektr's Opel And
- 1. Maintenance instruction
   Key
   Steering wheel
   Seat belt
   Rear-view mirrors
   Seats
   Ignition lock
   Governing bodies and control devices
   Control lamps of a combination of devices
   Devices
   Control lamps
   Double information display
   On-board computer
   Body elements
   Safety
   Lighting
   Windows, hatch
   Heating and ventilation
   Conditioner
   Automatic transmission
   Instructions on driving
   Gas station
   Catalyst
   Control lamp of electronic system of the engine
   Exhaust system, exhaust gases
   Four-wheel drive
   System of the CU (Traction Control)
   Wheels and tires
   Antisliding chains
   Identification of the car
   Parameters of engines
   Running parameters
   Bases of safe operation of the car
   + Weekly checks and service in way
   Operational materials and liquids
+ 1.1 Maintenance
+ 2. Engine
+ 3. Repair of DOHC engines
+ 4. Repair of the diesel engine
+ 5. Cooling system
+ 6. Fuel system
+ 7. The fuel and exhaust system of models with system of injection of fuel
+ 8. Exhaust system and system of decrease in toxicity of exhaust gases
+ 9. Fuel systems of the diesel engine
+ 10. Engine electrical systems
+ 11. Transmission
+ 12. Mechanical transmission
+ 13. Automatic transmission
+ 14. Power shafts
+ 15. Brake system
+ 16. Suspension bracket
+ 17. Body
+ 18. Electric equipment
+ 19. Check of malfunctions
24bec775



Instructions on driving

GENERAL INFORMATION

Never move a setup with the idle engine. Many units at the same time do not work (for example, signaling devices, the amplifier of the brake drive, the amplifier of the steering mechanism, system of airbags of safety). You subject in danger of and other participants of the movement.

Amplifier of the brake drive

At the idle engine the amplifier of the brake drive stops the action after the 2nd - 3-fold pressing a brake pedal. At the same time brake action does not decrease, however, the bigger effort is required when pressing a brake pedal.

The steering mechanism with the amplifier

If the amplifier of the steering drive fails, for example, during towage with the idle engine, then the car continues to be operated, however, application of great efforts is demanded.

The movement in mountain conditions, towage of the trailer

The cooling system fan – electrodriving. Therefore, its efficiency does not depend on the frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine. With a high frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine a lot of heat is generated, at low - respectively it is less.

Therefore, when overcoming rises not to switch to lower transfer until the car is able to master quietly rise on higher transfer.

Diesel engine: on rises with a bias in 10% and not to exceed the speed of the movement on the 1st transfer any more - 30 km/h, on the 2nd - 50 km/h.

The movement with load of a roof

Not to exceed a permissible load on a roof. For safety reasons evenly to distribute and to reliably fix freight fixing belts. To bring pressure in tires to the value specified for full loading. Not to exceed the speed of 120 km/h. More often to check and tighten fastening.

Engine stop

At very high temperature of cooling liquid, for example, after driving in mountain conditions: to allow the engine to work on idling about 2 minutes that there was no stagnation of heat.

After an engine stop the fan of the engine can continue some time the work for cooling of knots of the engine.

Mode of compulsory idling

During the mode of compulsory idling fuel supply is automatically turned off, for example, during driving under a bias or when braking. During the mode of compulsory idling not to "increase speed" and not to switch off coupling that the system of shutdown of supply of fuel worked.

Frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine

In all road conditions to drive the car in the optimum range of frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine.

Warming up of the engine

To warm up the engine at the movement of the car, but not on idling. Not "to give full gas", not to be established working temperature yet.

After launch of the cold engine the automatic transmission switches to higher transfers only with a bigger frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine. Thus, the catalyst quickly heats up to temperature demanded for optimum process of reduction of harmful substances.

Timely gear shifting

On idling and the lowest transfers you do not bring the frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine to too high values. Too high speed on separate transfers or steps, and also driving with frequent stops increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.

Switching to the lowest transfer

• At reduction of speed to switch to lower transfer, not to revolve coupling with the increased frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine. It is especially important during the movement in mountain conditions.


Coupling

• To press a coupling pedal at full capacity to prevent difficulties at gear shifting and not to damage the transmission. Around pedals there should be no rugs.
• Do not use a coupling pedal in the course of driving as a support for a leg, otherwise the accelerated wear of clutch plates is possible.

Safety of the rechargeable battery

• During driving at a small speed or stops, for example, at the movement in the city, during short-term trips and stoppages, whenever possible to disconnect consumers of the electric power (glass heating, additional headlights, etc.).
• At launch of the engine to switch off coupling to avoid resistance of idling of the transmission, to unload a starter and the rechargeable battery.

Fuel economy

Warming up of the engine

• "Full gas" or warming up of the engine idling promote the increased wear of the engine and increase in fuel consumption.
• After start of the engine to start at once. To warm up the engine at average frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine.

Uniform speed

• The turbulent character of driving promotes significant increase in fuel consumption.
• Avoid unnecessary processes of acceleration and braking.
• As often as possible you go by the last transfer, during the movement in the city often already at a speed of 50 km/h it is possible to include the 4th transfer.
• At a speed from 50 to 80 km/h the expense on the 4th transfer is about 25% less than fuel, than on the 3rd.
• At a speed from 70 to 90 km/h the expense on the 5th transfer is about 15% less than fuel, than on the 4th.
• Switch to the following transfer as soon as possible, and on lower only when there is no faultless course of the engine any more.

Idling

• The engine consumes fuel and when idling.
• Already during stops the engine makes sense to stop more than 1 minute. Five minutes of operation of the engine on idling correspond to one kilometer of a way.

Mode of compulsory idling

• During the mode of compulsory idling fuel supply is automatically turned off, e.g., during the movement under a bias or when braking.
• During this mode not to "increase speed" and not to switch off coupling that the system of shutdown of supply of fuel for reduction of fuel consumption worked.

In due time switch transfers

• High values of frequency of rotation of a shaft of the engine increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.
• You do not bring rotation frequency to high values. Too high speed on separate transfers or steps increase wear of knots of the car and fuel consumption.
• Management according to indications of a tachometer helps to save fuel. Try to drive on each transfer the car with small frequencies of rotation of a shaft of the engine (a comment between 2000i 3000 rpm) and with a uniform speed.

High speed

• The speed of the movement is higher, the fuel consumption is higher. At the movement "on full gas" you spend a lot of fuel.
• The insignificant otpuskaniye of a pedal of an accelerator leads to considerable economy of fuel without considerable reduction of speed.
• If you speed, equal only 3/4 maximum, then you save, without considerable losses in time, up to 50% of fuel.

Air pressure in tires

• Air pressure in tires specifies norms because of increase in resistance of swing to increase in costs of increase in fuel consumption and on the increased wear of tires below.

Additional consumers

• Inclusion of additional consumers of power increases fuel consumption.
• It is necessary to disconnect additional consumers (the conditioner, the warmed back glass, additional headlights, etc.) if their work is not required.

Automatic transmission

• "Full gas", кикдаун, the choice of the sports mode and excessive manual a rekey ny steps is led to sharp increase in fuel consumption.
• After the choice the D transmission works in economy mode. It is practically possible to go by a step of D always, by smooth pressing a pedal акселерато ра there is an early switching to transfers to an economical expense.

Luggage carrier on a roof, holders for skis

• A luggage carrier on a roof, holders for skis can increase fuel consumption approximately on 1 l / 100 km at the expense of the raised air resistance.